Recordings of plenary sessions from the 2009 International Institute on Peace Education.
The International Institute on Peace Education (IIPE) 2009 was held from July 26 to August 2 in Budapest, Hungary. The institute, attended by nearly 70 participants, was co-organized by the IIPE secretariat and the EJBO Foundation with the support and sponsorship of UNESCO and the Center for Nonviolence and Democratic Education of the University of Toledo, Ohio.
Thematic Exploration IIPE 2009 explored the theme of “Human Rights Learning as Peace Education: Pursuing Democracy in a Time of Crisis.” Human rights learning, as facilitated by peace educators is critical, participatory and learner centered. It is intended to prepare learners to work toward the transformation of the existing order of violence and injustice into a world social system based upon the principle of universal human dignity. This principle of human dignity underlies all human rights concepts and norms and is at the core of human rights learning (HRL). HRL emphasizes modes of critical thinking and self reflection that are necessary for internalizing the essential principles of human rights, enabling individuals and communities to become agents of change (PDHRE).
Such critical thinking is essential to participatory democracy. “Strong democracy” (Barber) is based upon a positive conception of liberty dependent upon self-determination, equality, deliberation and direct participation in the political decisions that affect our personal and social lives (Snauwaert). The realization of human rights can be seen as the necessary conditions and core values of participatory democracy and positive peace. Educating for critical thinking and democracy would include questioning policy that deprives or denies any individual or group of any of their fundamental human rights. Such inquiry is a key process of peace education pedagogy.
The world is now seized by multiple, complex economic and political crises. Many of the policies and political decisions that have contributed to these crises have been justified as furthering “democracy.” The global economic crisis can be attributed in large part to the decisions and behaviors of a minority of the human family who control the world’s resources and act in short-term self-interest at the expense of the majority and the biosphere. The political crises stem from similar origins, the policies and strategies of those who wield state power without regard to universal human rights
Descriptions of Plenary Sessions
PLENARY A: Human Rights and Democracy in Times of Crisis
Janet Gerson (USA) MODERATOR
Dale Snauwaert (USA) HUMAN RIGHTS AND DEMOCRACY: AN ETHICAL AND POLITICAL FRAMEWORK FOR PEACE EDUCATION
Eva Borbelyne Nagy (Hungary) LOSERS AND WAYS OUT OF THE CRISIS TIME IN THE NEW DEMOCRACY IN HUNGARY
Armene Modi (India) ACCESS TO BASIC HUMAN RIGHTS AND EDUCATION: VILLAGE WOMEN IN INDIA
PLENARY B: Transcending Culture and Conflict - Incorporating Children’s Human Rights
Barbara Barnes (USA) MODERATOR
Éva Blénesi (Hungary) PEACE PLAYGROUND CREATIVE PARTNERSHIPS: HUMAN RIGHTS, PEACE EDUCATION AND CULTURAL PRACTICE FOR ROMA, NON-ROMA CHILDREN AND ADULTS
Gloria María Abarca Obregon (Mexico) YOU CANNOT GIVE SOMETHING YOU DO NOT HAVE: INCORPORATING RIGHTS OF THE CHILD INTO TEACHER TRAINING EDUCATION IN MEXICO
Benard Kurgat (Kenya) BALANCING VALUES, NORMS AND COMMUNITY STRUCTURE: CHILDREN’S RIGHTS IN KENYA
PLENARY C (Public Plenary): Regional Struggles in Educating for Human Rights and Peace: Critical and Practical Issues
Welcome Eva Borbelyne Nagy (Hungary) Foundation for Human Rights and Peace Education
Dale Snauwaert (USA) MODERATOR
Ghassan Abdallah (Palestine) EDUCATION AS A MATTER OF SUSTAINABLE JUST PEACE
Sakena Yacoobi (Afghanistan) EDUCATING FOR HUMAN RIGHTS AND PEACE IN AFGHANISTAN
Colins Imoh (Nigeria) 'HUMANITARIAN' COMPENSATION AND ITS EFFECT IN THE STRUGGLE FOR PEACE AND JUSTICE IN THE NIGER DELTA
PLENARY D: Educating for Political Dimensions: Dilemmas in Understanding Human Rights and Democracy
Son Ninsri (Thailand) MODERATOR
Francesco Argenio Benaroio (Italy) INTERNATIONAL LABOUR MIGRATION: THE ILO APPROACH
Cecilia Deme (Romania) THE VICIOUS CIRCLE OF POVERTY: CONDITIONS, DIMENSIONS, POLICIES AND PRACTICES
Janet Gerson (USA) WHO'S ACCOUNTABLE FOR HUMAN RIGHTS? THE WTO AS A SUPRANATIONAL CHALLENGE
PLENARY E: Applying Learning and Planning for Action
Tony Jenkins (USA) MODERATOR
Jasmin Nario-Galace (Philippines) DOING WHAT WE TEACH: SOME IDEAS FOR THE ACADEMIC-ADVOCATES